Are national governments releasing the requisite budget information so that citizens, civil society, the media, and others can monitor how their countries’ public finances are being managed?
The December 2016 update of the Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker includes fresh data to answer this question. It shows whether the national governments in the 115 countries that will be included in the Open Budget Survey 2017 publish each of the eight key budget documents on time as per international standards. This update reflects the publication status of documents up to 31 December 2016. The information was collected by independent civil society researchers in each country.
For more information on the methodology for assessing the public availability of the eight key budget documents, please see tsee Section 1 of the Open Budget Survey 2017 Guide and Questionnaire. To learn more about the next round of the full Open Budget Survey, please see the Open Budget Survey 2017 Update.
Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker: December 2016 Update
Click on a country name for more information.
= Available to the Public Online
= Published Late, or Not Published Online, or Produced for Internal Use Only
= Not Produced
Pre-Budget Statement: discloses the broad parameters of a country's fiscal policies in advance of the Executive's Budget Proposal. It outlines the government's economic forecast, as well as anticipated revenue, expenditures, and debt.
|Executive's Budget Proposal|
Executive's Budget Proposal: the document or documents that the executive submits to the legislature for approval. It details the sources of revenue, the allocations to be made to all ministries, proposed policy changes, as well as other information important for understanding a country's fiscal situation.
Enacted Budget: the budget that has been approved by the legislature.
Citizens Budget: a simpler and less technical version of the government's budget, specifically designed to convey key information to the public. Citizens versions of other documents are also desirable.
In-Year Reports: include information on actual revenues collected, actual expenditures made, and debt incurred at different intervals in the fiscal year. These reports may be issued on a quarterly or monthly basis.
Mid-Year Review: contains a comprehensive update on the implementation of the budget as of the middle of the fiscal year, including a review of economic assumptions underlying the budget, and an updated forecast of the budget outcome for the fiscal year.
Year-End Report: shows the situation of the government's accounts at the end of the fiscal year and ideally includes an evaluation of the progress made toward achieving the budget's policy goals.
Audit Report: issued by the country's supreme audit institution and examines the soundness and completeness of the government's year-end accounts.
|Democratic Republic of Congo|
|Papua New Guinea|
|São Tomé e Príncipe|
|Trinidad and Tobago|
The Open Budget Survey (OBS) Tracker was a pilot project run between November 2013 and November 2015, which allowed citizens, civil society, media, and others to monitor in near-real time whether central governments were releasing the requisite information on how the government is managing public finances. Using data collected by independent civil society budget experts in the 30 countries included in the pilot, the OBS Tracker monitored and reported on whether central governments were publishing, on time, the eight key budget documents required by international standards on budget transparency.
In 2016, the methodology of the Open Budget Survey Tracker was integrated into the full Open Budget Survey. For more information, please contact David Robins at [email protected].