The expenditure management system described in this paper supports the Canadian government’s objective of making the best use of taxpayers’ dollars to deliver quality services. The system is built on the principle of funding new initiatives or priorities by reviewing existing expenditures and then reallocating money. This will foster greater fiscal responsibility and help the government meet its fiscal targets. It will require ministers to look for funds in their existing resources and ensure that public spending is integrated into the government strategic plan, namely the annual budget. At the same time, ministers will receive more autonomy and flexibility within a corporate framework to manage their resources to best meet the priorities of the people, organizations, and businesses they serve.