Case Study, Paper

Romania: Budget Credibility and the Sustainable Development Goals

As Romania seeks accession to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), centering the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can ground its budget in a clear, mission-driven, and performance-based vision. To actually achieve the global goals, however, the government will need to direct spending effectively toward critical development priorities—all while ensuring that funding is reaching the intended programs and beneficiaries.

One challenge that can undermine these efforts is budget credibility, a measure of how far governments deviate, during implementation, from a budget approved by the country’s legislature, either by overspending or underspending in different sectors and programs. The SDGs recognize this challenge with tracking indicator16.6.1, which looks at government expenditures as compared to the approved budget. To explore how budget credibility could potentially support Romania’s efforts to achieve the SDGs, this brief examines Romania’s progress on planning and executing its budget across seven SDG-related sectors.



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Case Study, Paper

Connecting Budget Credibility to the Sustainable Development Goals

To explore the connections between budget credibility patterns and efforts to achieve the SDGs, IBP coordinated investigations into budget credibility patterns in government budgets by partners and IBP staff members in 13 countries from 2018 to 2020. This paper synthesizes the findings across the 13 country case studies, highlighting cross-cutting themes and trends that emerge from the data and analysis.
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